作者： 发布时间：2021-04-06 14:10:50点击：4916
English for Qualification Test
Part I Use of Language (10 minutes)
Directions: There are 10 incomplete dialogues in this part. For each dialogue there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE that best completes the dialogue. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
1. — Reading is the best way to pass time on the train.
— __________, I never go traveling without a book.
A) You are joking B) That's true
C) I don't think so D) It sounds like fun
2. — I get at least half an hour of exercise almost every day.
— Oh great! __________.
A) Good luck B) Cheer up
C) Same to you D) Keep it up
3. — What are you going to do this weekend?
一__________. If time permits, I may go to Shanghai with my friends.
A) Don’t mention it B) It doesn’t matter
C) It depends D) Forget it
4. —I really can't remember these grammar rules!
— __________. Practice more.
A) You're not alone B) It's hard to say
C) I'm afraid not D) It's up to you
5. –– I would never come to this restaurant again. The food is terrible and the price is high!
A) Nor am I B) Same with me
C) Neither would I D) So do I
6. — Oh, dear! I’ve just broken a cup.
A) Great B) Don’t worry
C) That’s fine D) Not at all
7. — Sorry. I have taken your bag by mistake.
A) That’s right B) You’re welcome
C) It doesn’t matter D) All right
8. — That’s a beautiful dress you have on!
A) Oh, thanks. My husband gives it to me as a birthday gift
B) Sorry, it’s too cheap
C) You can have it from your husband
D) See you later
9. — How do I get to the cinema?
— ________. You can’t miss it.
A) It’s very far B) Yes, there is a cinema near here
C) It’s well known D) Go down this street and turn left
10. — If you don’t mind, I can mail this letter for you?
— ________ .
A) That’s very kind of you B) You are so cool
C) Please give me a hand D) You are so great
Part II Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)
Directions: There are 4 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage.
In the United States, it is important to be on time for an appointment, a class, a meeting, etc. However, this may not be true in all countries. An American professor discovered this difference while teaching a class in a Brazilian（巴西的）university. The two-hour class was scheduled to begin at 10 a.m. and end at 12. On the first day, when the professor arrived on time, no one was in the classroom. Many students came after 10 a.m. Several arrived after 10:30 a.m. Two students came after 11 a.m. Although all the students greeted the professor as they arrived, few apologized for their lateness. Were these students being rude? He decided to study the students’ behavior.
The professor talked to American and Brazilian students about lateness in both an informal and a formal situation: at a lunch with a friend and in university calls respectively. He gave them an example and asked them how they would react. If they had a lunch appointment with a friend, the average American student showed clearly lateness as 19 minutes after the agreed time. On the other hand, the average Brazilian student would be 33 minutes late.
In an American university, students are expected to arrive at the appointed hour. In contrast, in Brazil, neither the teacher nor the students always arrive at the appointed hour. Classes not only begin at the scheduled time in the United States, but also end at the scheduled time. In the Brazilian class, only a few students left the class at 12:00; many remained past 12:30 to discuss the class and ask more questions. Arriving late may not be very important in Brazil, neither is staying late.
11. The American professor studied the Brazilian students’ behavior because ________.
A) he felt angry at the students’ rudeness
B) he felt puzzled at the students’ being late
C) he wanted to collect data for his research
D) he wanted to make students come on time later
12. Which of the following is not mentioned in the passage?
A) Both American and Brazilian students will often be late for a lunch appointment.
B) Classes begin and end at the scheduled time in the United States.
C) Brazilian students don’t mind staying late after class.
D) Brazilian students usually arrive late and leave early.
13. What can we infer from the professor’s study of lateness in the informal situation?
A) Neither Brazilian nor American students like to be late in social gatherings.
B) American students will become impatient if their friend is ten minutes late.
C) Being late in one culture may not be considered rude in another culture.
D) Brazilian students will not come thirty-three minutes after the agreed time.
14. From the last paragraph we know that in Brazil, ________.
A) it is acceptable for professors to be late for class
B) it is rude to keep a professor staying after class
C) it is important to arrive at the appointed time
D) it is normal for students to leave during lectures
15. What does this passage tell us?
A) People learn the importance of time from the country in which they live.
B) The importance of being on time differs among cultures.
C) Students being late for class should explain the reason to their teacher.
D) It is important to come to class on time in Brazil.
Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage.
The internet has led to a huge increase in credit-card fraud. Your card information could even be for sale in an illegal Website. Websites offering cheap goods and services should be regarded with care. Online shoppers who enter their credit-card information may never receive the goods they bought.
The thieves then go shopping with your card number or sell the information over the Internet. Computer hackers (黑客) have broken down security system, raising questions about the safety of card holder information.
Several months ago, 25,000 customers of a CD universe, an online music retailer (批发商), were not lucky. Their names, addresses and credit-card numbers were posted on a Website after the retailer refused to pay US $ 157,828 to get back the information.
Credit-card firms are now fighting against online fraud. Master-card is working on plans for Web only credit-card, with a lower credit limit. The card could be used only for shopping online. However, there are a few simple steps you can take to keep from being cheated.
Ask about your credit-card firm's online rules: under British law, cardholders are responsible for the first US$ 78 of any fraudulent spending. And shop only at secure sites: send your credit-card information only if the Website offers advanced secure system.
If the security is in place, a letter will appear in the bottom right-hand corner of your screen. The Website address may also start http://--the extra "s" stands for secure. If in doubt, give your credit-card information over the telephone.
Keep your password safe: most online sites require a user name and password before placing an order. Treat your password with care.
16. The word "fraud" in the first paragraph probably means ______.
17. According to this passage most people worry about shopping on the Internet because _____.
A) great number of stolen credit-cards are sold on the Internet every day
B) fraud on the Internet happens very often
C) many Websites break down every day
D) there are too many illegal Websites on the Internet
18. Thieves usually get the information of the credit-card ______.
A) because many customers lost their cards
B) by paying money for people working in the information companies
C) because of the carelessness of the customers
D) by stealing the information from Websites
19. If the passwords of your credit-cards are not probably kept, _____.
A) the bank and the shop will suffer great losses
B) you will not be able to get back your information
C) you might suffer great losses
D) the bank will answer for your loss
20. What's the best title of the passage?
A) How to Beat Online Credit-card Thieves
B) How to Shop on the Internet
C) Never Use Credit-card Without an Advanced Computer
D) Why Thieves Steal Credit-card Information
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.
Many Chinese high school students are tired of their parents’ nagging（唠叨）. They think their parents’ high expectations are burdens. But a recent survey found that they are much luckier than teenagers in Japan, Korea and the US, who also find their parents annoying. The parents of foreign teens have even higher expectations of their children than Chinese parents. 62% of Chinese fathers and 66% of Chinese mothers have high expectations of their children at high school age. They rank third and fourth among fathers and mothers of four countries. Japanese mothers top the list with 76% having high expectations, while 70% of Korean fathers expect too much of their children. Japanese teens are the most deeply troubled by their parents constantly comparing them with other kids.
The survey also found that Chinese students are the most satisfied with their parents. They blame them less, and also receive less criticism than those from the other three countries. However, satisfaction doesn’t mean they are happy. Of the four countries, Chinese children are not the happiest at home. They get the least praise from their parents and they don’t feel able to express their unhappiness to them,
Results from the survey show that in spite of different cultural backgrounds, generation gaps exist in many countries other than China. It’s even bigger elsewhere. It is said that Chinese parents are used to burying their feelings deep in their hearts, which makes their children not want to talk openly with them. This survey shows that both parents and teenagers in China need to work on communicating and understanding each other.
Besides their family life, students were also questioned about their opinions on themselves and others in the world. US students showed more “individuality,” with 88% agreeing that “people should follow their own interests instead of those of others”. Koreans were the next most independent, followed by the Chinese and Japanese.
21. The text is mainly about________.
A) the unlucky school students’ troubles
B) the different generation gaps in different countries
C) the comparison of students’ family situations in different countries
D) the relationship between children and parents
22. Japanese students think it most troublesome that their parents______.
A) often compare them with other children
B) have the highest expectations
C) are not satisfied with them
D) seldom talk openly with them
23. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage?
A) Chinese teens are happiest at home for they are most satisfied with their parents.
B) Chinese parents blame or criticize their children less and praise them more.
C) Generation gap in China is much bigger than that in other countries.
D) Chinese parents don’t often talk openly with their children.
24. According to the author, who are the most independent?
A) American students
B) Students from Japan
C) Students in Korea
D) Chinese students
25. From the passage we can infer that higher expectations of their children are ________.
A) not local terms
B) not universal
C) Chinese characters
D) characters of Asian people
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.
Which are more likely to have with you at any given moment — your cell-phone or your wallet? Soon you may be able to throw your wallet away and pay for things with a quick wave of your smart phone over an electronic scanner.
In January, Starbucks announced that customers could start using their phones to buy coffee in 6,800 of its stores. This is the first pay-by-phone practice in the U.S., but we’re likely to see more wireless payment alternatives as something called near field communication (NFC) gets into America’s consumer electronics. Last December, some new smart phones which contain an NFC chip were introduced to the public.
Already in use in parts of Asia and Europe, NFC allows shoppers to wave their phones a few inches above a payment terminal — a contact-free system built for speed and convenience. But before NFC becomes widely adopted in the U.S., a few problems need to be worked out, like who will get to collect the profitable transaction fees. Although some credit card providers have been experimenting with wave-and-pay systems that use NFC-enabled credit cards, cell-phone service providers may try to muscle their way into the point-of-sale (POS) market. Three big cell-phone service providers have formed a joint venture that will go into operation over the next 15 months. Its goal is “to lead the U.S. payments industry from cards to mobile phones.”
The other big NFC issue, apart from how payments will be processed, is security. For instance, what’s to stop a thief from digitally pickpocketing you? “We’re still not at the point where an attacker can just brush against you in a crowd and steal all the money out of your phone.” says Jimmy Shah, a mobile-security researcher. “Users may also be able to set transaction limits, perhaps requiring a password to be entered for larger purchases.”
Are you still uneasy about this digital-wallet business? Keep in mind that if you lose your smart phone, it can be located on a map and remotely disabled. Plus, your phone can be password protected. Your wallet isn’t.
26. What is predicted to happen in the U.S.?
A) The expansion of cell-phone companies.
B) The boom of pay-by-phone business.
C) The disappearance of credit cards.
D) The increase of Starbucks sales.
27. The NFC technology can be used to ________.
A) ensure the safety of shoppers
B) collect transaction fees easily
C) make purchase faster and simpler
D) improve the quality of cell-phones
28. Three cell-phone service providers form a joint venture to ________.
A) strengthen their relationship
B) get a share in the payment industry
C) sell more cell-phones
D) test the NFC technology
29. The word “transaction” in paragraph 3 most probably means _______.
A) a chain of stores
B) a shift from one port to another
C) a message sent from one place to another
D) a piece of business
30. According to the passage, what can users do if they lose their smart phone?
A) Stop the functioning of their phones.
B) Set up a password.
C) Get all the money out of their phones.
D) Cancel large purchases.
Part III Vocabulary and Structure (25 minutes)
Directions: There are 25 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
31. Everyone had an application form in his hand, but no one knew which office room _______.
A) to send it to B) to send it
C) to be sent to D) to have it send
32. When I caught him ______ me, I stopped buying things there and started dealing with another shop.
A) to cheat B) cheat
C) cheating D) to be cheating
33. Helen was much kinder to her youngest brother than she was to the others, ___________, of course, made the others jealous.
A) who B) what
C) that D) which
34. “You are very selfish. It’s high time you _______ that you are not the most important person in the world,” Edgar said to his boss angrily.
A) realized B) have realized
C) realize D) should realize
35. Had he worked harder in the last semester, he _____________ the exams.
A) must have got through B) would have got through
C) would get through D) could get through
36. This bottle is nearly empty; you _________ a lot.
A) could have drunk B) ought to drink
C) must drink D) must have drunk
37. You ____________ her in her office last Friday; she’s been out of town for two weeks.
A) needn’t have seen B) must have seen
C) can’t have seen D) might have seen
38. It is generally considered unwise to give a child ___________he or she wants.
A) however B) whatever
C) whichever D) whenever
39. Only under special circumstances ________ to take make-up tests.
A) are freshmen permitted B) freshmen are permitted
C) permitted are freshmen D) are permitted freshmen
40. The course normally attracts 20 students per year, _______ up to half will be from overseas.
A) in which B) for whom
C) with which D) of whom
41. Susan has been living in town for only one year, yet she seems to be ______with
everyone who comes to the store.
A) inquired B) required
C) acquired D) acquainted
42. It is announced that tourists can participate in excursions to lovely beaches around the island
A) gaps B) intervals
C) length D) rate
43. It is widely accepted that if you suspect that the illness might be serious, you should not
______ going to the doctor.
A) pick out B) make out
C) give off D) put off
44. Although he had looked through the reference material on the subject, he still found it hard to
understand this point and her explanation only ______ to his confusion.
A) extended B) amounted
C) added D) turned
45. It is said a peculiarly pointed chin is his most memorable facial ______.
A) mark B) trace
C) feature D) appearance
46. Shanghai Bund is a great tourist ______, drawing millions of visitors worldwide every year.
A) attention B) attraction
C) appointment D) arrangement
47. Over a third of the population was estimated to have no ______ to the health service, which
draws the attention of our government
A) access B) assignment
C) appointment D) assessment
48. When you travel abroad, tourists should remember that customers don't ______ about prices
in some cities.
A) debate B) consult
C) dispute D) bargain
49. The price of beer ______ from 50 cents to $4 per liter during the summer season.
A) altered B) ranged
C) separated D) differed
50. Many people complain of the rapid ______ of modern life.
A) rate B) speed
C) pace D) growth
51. None of the servants were ______ when Mr. Smith wanted to send a message.
A) available B) approachable
C) attainable D) applicable
52. He is ______ about his chances of winning a gold medal in the Olympics next year.
A) optional B) optimistic
C) outstanding D) obvious
53. You should hire a more ______ manager than the one you currently have.
A) sufficient B) effective
C) respective D) efficient
54. What ______ to him is whether the job allows him to pursue his studies?
A) matters B) refers
C) happens D) applies
55. His lack of professional knowledge _______for the failure of the experiment.
A) counted B) explained
C) accounted D) contributed
Part IV Translation (20 minutes)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 20 minutes to translate the following paragraph into Chinese.
To take care of old parents is a traditional Chinese culture which lasts for thousands of years. Recently, a Chinese new law requires that all adults should regularly visit and take care of their parents. If they don't do so, they break the law. The new law, however, has given rise to a public debate on whether it is possible. Many people doubt whether the law is enforceable, because it does not clarify how often people have to visit their parents. In addition, working people who live far away from their parents will find it difficult to take leave to go home regularly. Even so, some scholars have praised the law because it is aimed at arousing people's awareness of loving the elderly and reminding them to always keep their obligations in mind and visit their parents frequently.
Part V Writing (30 minutes)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition entitled Online Learning or Offline Learning. You should write at least 120 words based on the following outline given in Chinese.
Online Learning or Offline Learning