作者： 发布时间：2021-04-06 14:10:50点击：5175
English for Qualification Test
Part I Use of Language (10 minutes)
Directions: There are 10 incomplete dialogues in this part. For each dialogue there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE that best completes the dialogue. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
1. — Have a cup of coffee, ________ ?
— Thanks a lot.
A) haven’t you B) will you
C) shall me D) don’t you
2. — Tim, ________?
— She is not very well.
A) Who is Mary B) What is Mary
C) How is Mary D) Who Mary is
3. — Why didn’t you come to my birthday party yesterday?
A) Excuse me, my friend sent me a flower B) Fine, I never go to birthday parties
C) Well, I don’t like birthday parties D) Sorry, but my wife had a road accident
4. —This box is too heavy for me to carry upstairs.
A) I’ll give you a hand B) You may ask for help
C) Please do me a favor D) I’d come to help
5. — Could I ask you a rather personal question?
— Of course, _________.
A) good idea B) that’s right
C) never mind D) go ahead
6. — Mary, do you mind if I open the window?
— _________ I feel a bit cold.
A) Of course not. B) I’d rather you didn’t.
C) Go ahead. D) Why not?
7. — Let’s go to a movie after work, OK?
A) Not at all. B) Never mind.
C) Why not? D) What of it?
8. — Do you think I could borrow your bicycle?
A) Yes, help yourself. B) Take your time.
C) Yes, go on. D) How come?
9. —My family usually goes skating for vacation. I like skating, but I want to try something different this year.
A) Let’s go. B) Cheer up.
C) Like what? D) Take care.
10. — Excuse me, Sir, is the swimming pool open all day?
—_________. Only from 8:00 a.m. to 10:00 p.m..
A) That’s right B) Yes, of curse.
C) Sorry, I am not sure D) Sorry, I’m afraid not.
Part II Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)
Directions: There are 4 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage.
It is true that some couples spend every waking minute together. Others fill their hours with personal hobbies, outside interests and even part-time jobs, just to keep their distance from each other! "There should be private time and couple time," suggests Dr. Stephen, "You don't want your latter years to turn into a process where two people unite as one. If you hold too tightly to your partner, it's going to cause resentment and anger. If you're completely separate, you'll both be lonely and disconnected. You need balance. So you have to talk about how you'll achieve that."
The right balance? It's different for every couple. "Having a conversation about time can be difficult, but it's important for both partners to process those feelings out loud," Dr. Stephen says. "You should not be accusing and act as a judge—ask the difficult questions, but do it in a loving way. You could say something like, 'How are we going to be as individuals and how are we going to be as a couple?' "
Barbara and Chris Christensen have achieved the balance that works for them. In addition to daily routines that keep them close—including about 10 minutes for a daily check-in and about a half hour of relaxation time—they each maintain separate interests and friendships.
"We have found that we need time apart," Barbara says. "I have a group of women friends that I have known for the last 30 years. We have dinner out once a month. We women also have parties and weekend or weeklong vacations as a group at a beach or somewhere. Chris, a former fighter pilot, has many aviation-oriented (航空的) groups and friends and also a poker-playing group. We have found it important to have separate time as well as together time."
11. The author writes the passage to ______.
A) offer some suggestions on how to spend the time after retirement
B) advise couples to develop their separate hobbies
C) warn couples not to be accusing each other
D) give people some advice on how to entertain themselves after retirement
12. The second paragraph is mainly intended to_______.
A) warn the husband not to act as a judge
B) suggest couples have discussions about difficulties
C) suggest how to keep the correct balance
D) require couples to be considerate
13. Dr. Stephen suggests that _________after retirement.
A) couples stay together all the time
B) couples express their feelings in a loving way
C) couples be separate
D) wives make many friends
14. It can be inferred that________.
A) many couples are faced with problems after retirement
B) America has a large population of retired people
C) most people join various social groups after retirement
D) playing poker is a popular activity among retired people
15. Barbara and her friends do the following EXCEPT_______.
A) having dinner regularly
B) holding parties
C) having weekly vacations at the beach
D) having fun playing poker
Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage.
Elderly people respond best to a calm and unhurried environment. This is not always easy to provide as their behavior can sometimes be irritating. If they get excited or upset then they may become more difficult to look after. Although sometimes it can be extremely difficult, it is best to be patient and not to get upset yourself. You should always encourage old people to do as much as possible for themselves but be ready to lend a helping hand when necessary.
Failing memory makes it difficult for the person to recall all the basic kinds of information we take for granted. The obvious way to help in this situation is to supply the information that is missing and help them make sense of what is going on. You must use every opportunity to provide information but remember to keep it simple and straightforward.
“Good morning, Mum. This is Fiona, your daughter. It is eight o’clock, so if you get up now, we can have breakfast downstairs.”
When the elderly makes confused statements e.g. about going out to his or her old employment or visiting a dead relative, correct in a calm matter-of-fact fashion: “You don’t work in the office any more. You are retired now. Will you come and help me with the dishes?”
We rely heavily on the information provided by signposts, clocks, calendars and newspapers. These assist us to organize and direct our behavior. Confused old people need these aids all the time to compensate for their poor memory. Encourage them to use reminder boards or diaries for important coming events and label the contents of different cupboards and drawers. Many other aids such as information cards, old photos, scrap books, and addresses or shopping list could help in individual case.
16. Why can’t we sometimes keep calm in front of old people?
A) Because old people sometimes annoy us.
B) Because old people sometimes don’t understand us.
C) Because we are sometimes in a bad mood.
D) Because we are sometimes in a hurry.
17. What does the author encourage us when we talk with old people?
A) To do as little as possible.
B) To do as much as they can.
C) To help others when needed.
D) To be patient and not get upset.
18. How should we provide information to old people with failing memories?
A) By being helpful.
B) By being direct.
C) By being sensitive.
D) By being obvious.
19. What is the purpose of information provided on such things as signposts?
A) To help us organize and direct our behavior.
B) To help us make use of newspapers.
C) To help us correct other people.
D) To help us understand statements.
20. What is the main idea of the passage?
A) What happens to old people with failing memory.
B) How to help old people with failing memory.
C) Why old people have poor memory.
D) How to improve bad memory.
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.
It is often the case that when something goes wrong，it can be very satisfying to say，”Well, it’s so-and-so’s fault.” or “I know I’m late，but it’s not my fault；the car broke down.” It is probably not your fault，but once you form the habit of blaming somebody or something else for a bad situation，you are a loser. You have no power and could do nothing that helps change the situation. However, you can have great power over what happens to you if you stop focusing on whom to blame and start focusing on how to remedy the situation. This is the winner’s key to success.
Winners are great at overcoming problems. For example, if you were late because your car broke down, maybe you need to have your car examined more regularly. Or, you might start to carry along with you the useful phone numbers, so you could call for help when in need. For another example, if your colleague causes you problems on the job for lack of responsibility or ability, find ways of dealing with his irresponsibility or inability rather than simply blame the person. Ask to work with a different person, or don’t rely on the person. You should accept that the person. Ask to work with a different person, or don’t rely on this person. You should accept that the person is not reliable and find creative ways to work successfully regardless of how your colleague fails to do his job well.
This is what being a winner is all about—creatively using your skills and talents so that you are successful no matter what happens. Winners don’t have fewer problems in their lives; they have just as many difficult situations to face as anybody else. They are just better at seeing those problems as challenges and opportunities to develop their own talents. So, stop focusing on “whose fault it is.” Once you are confident about your power over bad situations, problems are just stepping stop on for success.
21. According to the passage, winners tend to _______.
A) deal with problems rather than blame others
B) meet with fewer difficulties in their lives
C) have responsible and able colleagues
D) blame themselves rather that others
22.The word “remedy” in Paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to “_______”.
A) avoid B) accept
C) improve D) consider
23. When your colleague brings about a problem, you should _______.
A) find a better way to handle it
B) blame him for his lack of responsibility
C) tell him to find the cause of the problem
D) ask a more able colleague for help
24. When problems occur, winners take them as _______
A) excuses for their failures
B) barriers to greater power
C) challenges to their colleagues
D) chances for self-development
25. Which of the following is the best title for the passage?
A) A Winner’s Problem. B) A Winner’s Secret.
C) A Winner’s Opportunity. D) A Winner’s Achievement.
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.
In order to go ahead, large companies need a way to reach the savings of the public at large. The same problem, on a smaller scale, faces practically every company trying to develop new products and create new jobs. There can be little prospect of raising the sort of sums needed from friends and people we know, and while banks may agree to provide short-term finance, they are generally unwilling to provide money on a permanent basis for long term projects. So companies turn to the public, inviting people to lend them money, or take a share in the business in exchange for a share in future profits. This they do by issuing stocks and shares in the business through the Stock Exchange. By doing so，they can put into circulation the savings of individuals and institutions, both at home and overseas.
When the saver needs his money back, he does not have to go to the company with whom he originally placed it. Instead, he sells his shares through a stockbroker to some other saver who is seeking to invest his money.
Many of the services needed both by industry and by each of us are provided by the Government or by local authorities. Without hospitals, roads, electricity, telephones, railways, this country could not function. All these require continuous spending on new equipment and new development if they are to serve us properly, requiring more money than is raised though taxes alone. The Government, local authorities, and nationalized industries therefore frequently need to borrow money to finance major capital spending, and they, too, come to the Stock Exchange.
There is hardly a man or woman in this country whose job or whose standard of living does not depend on the ability of his or her employers to raise money to finance new development. In one way or another, this new money must come from the savings of the country. The Stock Exchange exists to provide a channel through which these savings can reach those who need finance.
26. Almost all companies involved in new production must ______.
A) rely on their own financial resources
B) persuade the banks to provide long-term loan
C) borrow large sums of money from friends and people they know
D) depend on the population as a whole for finance
27. The money which enables these companies to go ahead with their projects is ______.
A) invested in different companies on the Stock Exchange
B) exchanged for part ownership in the Stock Exchange
C) raised by the selling of shares in the companies